Right of way and lost modern grant

Introduction

In Yik Wai Pong v Yick Pak Kin the Court of First Instance was asked to consider whether the plaintiff had acquired a right of way over an access road on the defendant’s land under the doctrine of lost modern grant.

Facts

The plaintiff and defendant were relatives and owned neighbouring areas of land. The plaintiff claimed to have acquired a right of way over an access road on the defendant’s land leading to the public highway.

The law

Wilson Chan J. summarised the relevant principles:

‘(1) If the owner of land uses a road as a means of access to, and egress from, his land for more than 20 years “as of right”, then, at least in the absence of special circumstances, he will obtain a right of way over the land for the benefit of his land.
(2) Whether the use is “as of right” depends on the claimant showing that it had been nec vi (without force), nec clam (without stealth) and nec precario (without permission from the owner).’ (at [73])

Reasons for the failure of the claim

Failure to establish user for a 20 year period

The plaintiff lived in the UK until 2002, only visiting the property for a week or so every few years. This was not sufficient user of the road to count for this purpose. The relevant use only began in 2002 and so the twenty year period had not been completed.

User with consent

It was doubtful whether even the post 2002 use was ‘as of right’. There was an implicit permission given the family relationship between the plaintiff and defendant ([79]).

The defendant gave the plaintiff a key so that the plaintiff could use the access road. In providing this key, the defendant could be said to be giving express permission for the plaintiff to use the road ([79]).

Michael Lower

 

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2 Responses to “Right of way and lost modern grant”

  1. Christopher Cheuk Chan Says:

    Dear Mr. Lower,

    It is a very enlightening concise summary of the case. However, I wish to study further about the case. I shall be most grateful if you will give us the case reference. Thank you very much.

    Christopher Chan

    Sent from Mail for Windows 10

    ________________________________

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